What was the significance of the Treaty of Nanjing in 18427?
The Treaty of Nanjing was significant because it increased British influence and trade power in Asia while also minimizing China’s power over the…
Who signed the Treaty of Nanjing?
On 29 August, British representative Sir Henry Pottinger and Qing representatives Qiying, Yilibu, and Niu Jian signed the treaty, which consisted of thirteen articles. The treaty was ratified by the Daoguang Emperor on 27 October and Queen Victoria on 28 December.
What commodity ultimately led to British gaining control of Hong Kong in the Treaty of Nanjing?
What was the Treaty of Nanjing quizlet?
Treaty of Nanjing 1842. Treaty of Nanjing was the result of China’s humiliating defeat at the hands of the British in the Opium War. Britain took the island of Hong Kong, a very important trading port. Foreigners are not subject to Chinese laws at Guangzhou and 4 other Chinese ports.
What was the impact of the Treaty of Nanjing?
The Treaty of Nanjing officially brought the First Opium War to an end on August 29, 1842. As part of the agreement, the Chinese agreed to: Repay the British for the opium the government had destroyed. Give Great Britain the city of Hong Kong.
What happened in the Treaty of Nanjing?
Treaty of Nanjing, (August 29, 1842) treaty that ended the first Opium War, the first of the unequal treaties between China and foreign imperialist powers. China paid the British an indemnity, ceded the territory of Hong Kong, and agreed to establish a “fair and reasonable” tariff.
What did China agree to do once the Treaty of Nanjing was signed?
Once the treaty of Nanjing was signed and China agreed to create a “fair and reasonable” tariff, allow Britain to trade at five ports and surrender the territory of Hong Kong. Explanation: This treaty has officially ended the war on opium and there were numerous effects on the Chinese as a part of the Agreement.
Why did China sign the unequal treaties?
Historian Immanuel Hsu explained that the Chinese viewed the treaties they signed with Western powers and Russia as unequal “because they were not negotiated by nations treating each other as equals but were imposed on China after a war, and because they encroached upon China’s sovereign rights … which reduced her to …
Who was involved in the open door policy?
The Open Door Policy was a policy between China, the US, Japan, and several European powers that stated each of those countries should have equal access to Chinese trade. It was created in 1899 by US Secretary of State John Hay and lasted until 1949, when the Chinese civil war ended.
What did Great Britain gain from the Treaty of Nanjing quizlet?
Terms in this set (13)
Treaty of Nanjing, agreed to open 5 ports to British trade and limit tariffs on British goods and gave Hong Kong. … The Chinese were forced to open several ports to British trade, provide Britain with complete control of Hong Kong, and grant extraterritoriality to British citizens living in China.
Why did Britain give up Hong Kong?
The First Opium War lasted from 1839 to 1842. Britain invaded the Chinese mainland and occupied the island of Hong Kong on Jan. … China lost the war and had to cede Hong Kong to Britain in the Treaty of Nanking. As a result, Hong Kong became a crown colony of the British Empire.
How did Britain own Hongkong?
The Qing dynasty ceded Hong Kong to the British Empire in 1842 through the treaty of Nanjing, ending the First Opium War. Hong Kong then became a British crown colony. Britain also won the Second Opium War, forcing the Qing Empire to cede Kowloon in 1860, while leasing the New Territories for 99 years from 1898.