Which condition poses the highest risk for a cerebrovascular accident CVA )?
High blood pressure is a leading cause of stroke. It occurs when the pressure of the blood in your arteries and other blood vessels is too high. There are often no symptoms of high blood pressure. Get your blood pressure checked often.
What are the initial clinical manifestations immediately noted after a spinal cord injury?
What are the initial clinical manifestations immediately noted after a spinal cord injury? (Select all that apply.) Bladder incontinence, Loss of deep tendon reflexes, Flaccid paralysis. A complete loss of reflex function in all segments below the level of the lesion characterizes a spinal cord injury.
What do diffuse axonal injuries of the brain often result in?
Diffuse axonal injuries (DAIs) of the brain often result in:a. Reduced levels of consciousnessc. … However, more severely disabled survivors, including those in an unre-sponsive state or reduced level of consciousness, have DAIs. The other options do not appro-priately complete the stem.
What indicates that spinal shock is terminating?
Decreased deep tendon reflexes and flaccid paralysisANS: BIndications that spinal shock is terminating include the reappearance of reflex activity, hyper-reflexia, spasticity, and reflex emptying of the bladder.
How can a stroke be prevented?
The best way to help prevent a stroke is to eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking and drinking too much alcohol. These lifestyle changes can reduce your risk of problems like: arteries becoming clogged with fatty substances (atherosclerosis) high blood pressure.
Which gender has more strokes?
Age 55 or older. Race — African-Americans have a higher risk of stroke than do people of other races. Gender — Men present a higher risk of stroke than women. But women suffer of stroke in older ages making them more prone to die from stroke than are men.
What is the most commonly injured area of the spinal cord?
The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of permanent disability and death in children and adults. The spine has 33 vertebrae.
Which assessment finding marks the end of spinal shock?
It is widely observed that the bulbocavernous reflex marks the end of the first phase of spinal shock, after which a true assessment of neurologic deficits can be performed.
Which clinical finding is considered a diagnostic indicator for an arteriovenous malformation?
d. Diastolic bruit over the temporal arteryANS: AA systolic bruit over the carotid in the neck, the mastoid process, or (in a young person) the eyeball is almost always diagnostic of an AVM.
What is a Grade 3 Dai?
Grade 3: A severe diffuse axonal injury with finding as Grade 2 and additional focal lesions in the brainstem.
Should you remove the helmet from a head injury victim?
The key advice is only remove the helmet if absolutely essential in order to maintain the person’s airway. If the casualty is conscious, then you can help them to undo the neck strap if that makes it easier for them to breathe.
What are the three types of TBI?
There are three basic levels of TBI injury: mild, moderate, and severe. Mild injury – A mild TBI is characterized by loss of consciousness for a few seconds or minutes, if at all.
What parts of the brain mediate the expression of affect both emotional and behavioral states?
What parts of the brain mediate the expression of affect, both emotional and behavioral states? Expression of affect (emotional and behavioral states) is mediated by extensive connections with the limbic system and prefrontal cortex.
How do you prevent autonomic dysreflexia?
- DO NOT let the bladder become too full.
- Pain should be controlled.
- Practice proper bowel care to avoid stool impaction.
- Practice proper skin care to avoid bedsores and skin infections.
- Prevent bladder infections.