Who were José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar and what did they accomplish?
José de San Martín and his forces liberated Peru and proclaimed its independence from Spain on 28 July 1821. The two leading figures of the South American wars of independence were Simon Bolivar in the north and José de San Martín in the south.
What did José de San Martín do?
José de San Martín, (born February 25, 1778, Yapeyú, viceroyalty of Río de la Plata [now in Argentina]—died August 17, 1850, Boulogne-sur-Mer, France), Argentine soldier, statesman, and national hero who helped lead the revolutions against Spanish rule in Argentina (1812), Chile (1818), and Peru (1821).
Which of the following was an important accomplishment of José de San Martín?
Jose de San Martin’s most important achievement was leading the revolutions against Spanish Royalists in Argentina (1812), Chile (1818), and Peru…
How did others view Jose de San Martin?
Distinguishing himself with the army in Spain, San Martin returned to his continent of birth in 1812 intent on helping the revolutionary governments there. San Martin did just that, securing Argentinian independence and liberating Chile and Peru from Spanish rule in part through a daring march across the Andes.
What is the significance of the Grito de Dolores quizlet?
What is the significance of the grito de Dolores? Is was a call for the rebellion against the Spanish. What role did the Indians, mestizos, and creoles play in Mexico’s independence from Spain? Mestizos started war, Creoles joined later.
What were the results of the Latin American revolution?
As a result of the Latin American Revolution, there was a major population decline due to the countless amounts of people fighting for their rights. The Latin American countries were able to win Independence from Spain. The new nations write Constitutions for their free nations.
How did San Martín earn his military reputation?
By fighting royalists in Latin America and winning important battles in Chile and Peru By forming a military coup that removed the king and established the Republic in Brazil By leading a group of peasants in a revolt against the Spanish to begin the Mexican War By winning battles that helped lead Colombia toward …
Who liberated Argentina from Spain?
José de San Martín
Who helped Venezuela win its independence?
On 17 December 1819, the Congress of Angostura declared Gran Colombia an independent country. After two more years of war, the country achieved independence from Spain in 1821 under the leadership of its most famous son, Simón Bolívar.
What impact did San Martín have on Latin American independence movements?
In 1818, he successfully liberated Chile from the Spanish royalists. army seized partial control of Lima, and San Martín was appointed the Protector of Peru. The next phase in Peru’s independence movement altered the course of Latin American history along with the careers of both San Martín and Bolívar.
Why is Jose de San Martin a hero?
Jose de San Martin is considered a great hero in many South American countries for his work toward freedom. Jose de San Martin was a rescuer of Argentina, Chile, and Peru from Spanish rule. … He gathered up his army in 1818 and attacked the Spanish and eventually won independence in Chile.
Where did San Martin defeat the Spanish in Peru?
San Martín, José de
After defeating the Spanish in Argentina, he gained the element of surprise in Chile (1817–18) by crossing the Andes, San Martín captured Peru (1821) after an unexpected naval attack. He surrendered his effective rule of Peru to Simón Bolívar in 1822 and retired to Europe.
Who revolted in the Argentine revolution?
The Argentine War of Independence was fought from 1810 to 1818 by Argentine patriotic forces under Manuel Belgrano, Juan José Castelli and José de San Martín against royalist forces loyal to the Spanish crown.
Who liberated Argentina and Chile from Spain?
José de San Martín